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This is one of the most lucrative farming in Ghana, Kenya, Cameroon, South Africa and Nigeria, yet it is one of the most neglected animal rearing business in these countries. This type of farming provides one of the quickest ways to make money in a short period of time.

In Australia and USA, snail farming is a big business providing opportunities to many farmers. In UK, snails are sold in supermarkets and big stores meaning it’s a big business over there.

In Nigeria, and Ghana, many people still have the belief that snail can only be picked from the bush, this is because, they have always had the culture of going to the bushes in the villages during the rainy season to pick the snails. But after going through this article, you will get to understand that snail farming can really help put a stop to your financial problems.


  1. WHAT IS SNAIL: Land snail belongs to the class of Molluscan, Gastropod. The one popularly known as the Cong Meat in many parts of Africa. In Nigeria, known as Eju Igbin. The other types are;
  2. The Achatina ulica known as the East African Snail.
  3. The Achatina Achatina known as the Giant Ghana Snail.
  • The Achatina Marginata known as the Giant West African Snail.


  1. SNAIL FARMING ENVIRONMENT: snails are easily dehydrated and wind increase the rate 0f moisture loose in Snail which in turn, leads to the dryness of the animals. To prevent them from losing water quickly, your snailry (Snail House) must be located in environment that is protected from wind. A low, plain, downhill site surrounded with enough trees is perfect for snail farming. You may plant plantains and bananas around the farm to prevent the impact of wind.


  1. TYPE OF SOIL FOR SNAIL FARMING: snails major habitat is the soil and soil contains some of the components needed by the snails. However, not all soils are suitable for snail rearing. The shell of the snail is mainly calcium and it derives most from the soil. Snail also lay its eggs on the soil and drink water from the soil. Hence the suitable soil for snail rearing must contain these elements. Must be balanced, not water-logged, not too dry, and must not be acidic.


The most desirable soil for rearing snail is the Sandy-Loamy soil with low water holding capacity. Clayey soil and acidic soil must be avoided.


  1. GETTING THE SNAIL FOR FARMING: get snails/snail eggs from professional dealers and check their fertility, as some of them must have lost their fertility as a result of the sunlight. The eggs are later put inside a container/paddocks containing wet sand and covered with Cocoyam Leaf, between 21-28 days, the eggs will hatch into baby snails. The farmer now starts feeding them gradually thereby raising a farm.



  1. THE SNAIL HOUSE: snailry can vary from a patch of fence-protected ground, sheltered from the wind to a covered box if you are breeding in small scale. For larger population of snails, you can dig a trench or make a concrete pen with soil deep of about 10inches and cover it with screen or wire all around to prevent the snails from escaping. Remember, that snails can reproduce fast and become pests when their breeding is not properly controlled.

Snails like dark and cold places but make sure the humidity does not drop to levels harmful to them. You can use fresh leaves and clothes that is regularly wet to regulate them. Also wire mesh is useful in keeping away snakes and rats or other predators away from the farm. But aside from their bigger predators, you should beware of smaller ones as ants and termites. Your construction must have these predators in mind.


  1. SNAIL FOODS/FEEDING: Snails especially, Achatina mainly feeds on green leaves and fruits though they can utilize other ranges of foods. Feed your snails with leaves, fruits, or even formula from feeds tore. Aside from food to grow, snails need calcium to grow shells. Leaves like cocoyam leaves, pawpaw leaves, okro leaves, eggplant leaves, cabbage and lettuce leaves.

Fruits like mango, eggplant, pawpaw, banana, tomatoes, oil palm fruits, pears and cucumber. Once the snails start growing, separate the big ones from the small ones. It takes more than a year for the Achatina type to grow to harvest size.

Others mature in two years. A farm with four thousand snails, after a year or two will give #40million, isn’t that quite lucrative?


  1. HARVESTING: it is not economically wise to harvest your snails before maturity, it has to be matured before harvesting. To know if the snail has matured, check the brim of the shell. If it has matured enough, the brim of the shell will be thicker and harder than other parts of the shell.

Do not harvest all the matured snails at once for the market. It is important to keep few for breeding and to serve as base stock for your snail farm



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